What is acne?
Acne can be caused by a combination of factors. Excess oil production and lack of natural exfoliation of the skin are the most common. A bacterium called p.acnes can also be the cause of an outbreak of acne. At Main Street Medical and Skin Centre we aim to address one or more of these contributors, depending on the individual.
There are many misconceptions about acne, one of them being that acne is caused by poor diet or uncleanliness. Acne is a medical condition and needs to be treated by trained doctors and nurses, as untreated acne can lead to permanent scarring.
Treatment Options for Acne
Quality skincare is the first step to controlling acne. Vitamin B, such as Synergie Priority B can aid in the control of oil production and Vitamin A, such as Synergie A+ or Tretinoin help to increase the natural turnover rate of the skin. Cleaners are also an important part of the daily routine for a patient with acne. Cleansers, such as Synergie Ultracleanse help to physically remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin that may have caused blockages in the skin, and therefore pimples.
LED stands for Light Emitting Diode. These are very small semiconductors that emit light when a current is passed through it. Unlike laser or IPL, LED phototherapy is non-invasive and non-thermal, and so requires no recovery time after treatments. At Main Street Medical and Skin Centre we have both the red and blue LED lights. The red light can be used to reduce inflammation and to improve healing. The blue light treats the bacterium p.acnes, a major contributor to acne in many people.
Oral antibiotics can be an effective treatment for active, inflamed acne as it targets the acne-causing bacteria. Unfortunately, the antibiotics may also affect the rest of the body (e.g. vaginal or oral thrush, gastro-intestinal disturbances). Topical antibiotics are also available with a prescription and have no systemic effect on the body. Some topical antibiotics also have an anti-inflammatory element.
Chemical peels can aid in the exfoliation of the dead skin on the surface. Chemical peels, such as salicylic acid can draw oil out of the skin and have an anti-inflammatory effect.
The use of thick, pore clogging make up can exacerbate acne. By applying a mineral make up that sits on the surface of the skin, rather than in the pores you can break the negative cycle of makeup causing more break outs, and so feeling like you need to wear more makeup.
Treatment Options For Acne Scarring
In the below video, our Cosmetic Nurse Felicity discusses Acne Scarring and how we can use a variety of treatments to improve the appearance of acne scarred skin.
The Dermapen can improve the appearance of mild to moderate acne scarring with about 6 treatments spaced 6 weeks apart. The skin will continue to improve for up to 12 months after treatment. The Dermapen is safe to use on all skin types. The patient may experience 12 – 48 hours of skin redness and swelling post treatment which can be easily covered with make up for an immediate return to work.
Superficial Chemical Peels:
Superficial chemical peels may be somewhat effective on very mild acne scarring only. There are minimal risks involved and minimal downtime, however, many treatments are required to achieve optimum results.
Medium to Deep Chemical Peels:
Deep chemical peels are only effective on mild to moderate scarring. There is more downtime involved with medium to deep chemical peels; therefore results will be achieved faster than with milder chemical peel treatments. The risks involved with deeper chemical peels increase with the strength of the peel, so caution needs to be taken on certain skin types.
Dermal fillers temporarily fill indented scars. The advantage of using dermal fillers is that there is very minimal downtime and associated risk.